Activists Protest Greenwashing of Dams at World Water Forum
Call for Compliance with the World's Highest Standards
Ronack Monabay of Friends of the Earth – France, stated that “large dams are not green. 60% of the world's rivers are dammed, and freshwater ecosystems are losing species and habitats faster than any other type of ecosystem. Millions of people have been displaced because of dams worldwide. These are the reasons why we are protesting today. Life depends on healthy rivers.”
Caterina Amicucci of CRBM continued: “Yet, the world's banks are rushing to finance big dams. Since 2003, the European Investment Bank alone has spent close to 1 billion euros in financing dams in the global south under the guise of clean energy access, though the dams primarily benefit manufacturers and large industries looking for cheap electricity to produce export goods.”
The protestors warned that the World Water Forum has turned into a trade show for corporate initiatives to greenwash the dam industry. At the Forum, the International Hydropower Association (IHA) presented the Hydropower Sustainability Assessment Protocol, a voluntary self-policing scorecard for dam builders.
“The Hydropower Sustainability Assessment Protocol is a greenwash of the world's dam industry,” said Zachary Hurwitz, Policy Coordinator of International Rivers. “The Protocol allows dam builders to claim they are sustainable while they continue to violate international and national environmental and human rights law. In order to not repeat the errors of the past, dam builders must be held accountable to the highest social and environmental standards.”
One of the World Water Forum's twelve priorities for action, “Harmonize Water and Energy,” calls for 20 countries to adopt the Protocol by 2015. The IHA is lobbying governments, the European Union, and international agreements, such as the EU Emissions Trading System and Water Framework Directive, to use the Protocol in place of existing high standards.
Instead of adopting the IHA Protocol, the protestors are calling on corporations, governments and international financial institutions such as the World Bank and European Investment Bank to comply with the recommendations of the World Commission on Dams, and international standards such as the Conventions of the International Labor Organization (ILO) and the United Nations Declaration on Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP). They also call on governments and international financial institutions to stop to finance large dams and to diversify their energy portfolio towards more sustainable energy alternatives.
Electricité de France (EDF), a founding sponsor of the IHA Protocol, is currently in negotiations to build dams in Southeast Asia’s Mekong basin, one of the world’s great repositories of freshwater fish species. EDF has already built the controversial Nam Theun 2 in Laos with funding from the EIB and World Bank, and expects to build more dams in the basin.
Nguyen Viet Dung, the Deputy Director of Vietnam's Pan Nature, said “the future of millions of people who depend on the Mekong basin cannot be traded off. They are not second-class citizens. Dam builders should adhere to the same strict social and environmental standards there as they do at home. The IHA Protocol does not require that they do.”
The action is one of over 100 occurring simultaneously in more than 40 countries across the world, as part of the International Day of Action for Rivers.
- For more information on the International Day of Action for Rivers, including summaries of today's actions, see:
- To read the civil society critique of the Hydropower Sustainability Assessment Protocol, see:
- For more information on the campaign against big dams of Friends of the Earth France, see: http://www.amisdelaterre.org/grandsbarrages
Ronack Monabay, Amis de la Terre, France:
+33 (0)6 38 89 81 05 firstname.lastname@example.org / www.amisdelaterre.org
Caterina Amicucci, Campagna per la Riforma della Banca Mondiale, Italy: +39 349 852 0789 email@example.com / www.crbm.org
Zachary Hurwitz, International Rivers, United States: + 33 (0)6 46 54 02 46 firstname.lastname@example.org / www.internationalrivers.org