Two of the over four hundred indigenous Maya-Achi people massacred during the construction of Chixoy Dam in Guatemala.

Murdered for Their Rivers: A Roster of Fallen Dam Fighters

Date: 
Monday, June 20, 2016
A mock funeral procession for Chixoy's dead.

The stories come to us one at a time. A woman’s body found in a trash heap. Two protesters shot during a demonstration. A man who just stepped out for milk gunned down by masked assailants on a motorcycle.

These are not just stories, however. They are people who hail from communities where the struggle for natural resources is taking a bloody and desperate turnThese people are environmental defenders, and they are our colleagues, our collaborators, our friends. And the message is clear: In many countries, if you dare to stand up to dam builders, loggers and mining companies, you and your family will face constant danger, and perhaps death.

In 2015, at least 185 environmental defenders were killed, according to Global Witness. Many of them were dam fighters. At International Rivers, we’re aware of over a hundred activists who have paid the ultimate price for defending their rivers – and there are likely many more cases we’re not aware of.

We protest each dam fighter's violent death. We work to hold the murderers and their backers to account – often, tragically, without success. And we honor our fallen friends by making their names public in this roster, so they will always be remembered. 

This memorial is dedicated to Nilce de Souza Magalhães, Berta Cáceres, Teresito Mula Labastilla and all the other activists who have sacrificed their lives for their rivers. 

May they rest in peace.

 

2018

Jomo Nyanguti
Kenya
Bonyunyu Dam

Mr. Nyanguti was protesting the controversial Bonyunyu Dam when he was shot for reportedly confronting police officers who were guarding surveyors mapping the dam site on January 9, 2018. Locals have been fighting the water storage project, which they say will displace thousands from their ancestral lands, and which has moved forward with no public consultation. Police also arrested three people during the confrontation.

2016

Nilce de Souza Magalhães
Brazil
Jirau Dam 

A leader of the Movement of People Affected by Dams (MAB), Magalhães criticized human rights violations committed by Sustainable Energy Brazil (SEB), the organization behind the Lake Dam Hydroelectric Plant in Jirau. Magalhães went missing on January 7, 2016 and her body was found by hydro workers on June 21, 2016 in the Jirau Reservoir. 

Two Anti-Dam Protesters
India
Multiple Dams

On May 2, 2016,  two people were killed and many injured while protesting the arrest of the anti-dam activist Lama Lobsang Gyatso, secretary of Save Mon Region Federation (SMRF). Under Lobsang Gyatso's leadership, SMRF has been opposing some dam projects, and advocating for socio-culturally and ecologically sensitive development in the Mon-Tawang region. Police opened fire on the crowd. The 31-year-old Tsering Tempa was shot point blank in the head. Nyima Wangdi, a 21-year-old Buddhist monk from the Tawang Monastery was shot twice.

Atilano Román Tirado
Mexico
Picachos Dam

Based in Sinaloa, Mr. Tirado was one of the leaders of roughly 800 families who were demanding compensation after being displaced by the Picachos Dam. On March 21, as Atilano Román Tirado was hosting a local radio show, gunmen forced their way into the studio and shot him dead. He was known as an outspoken critic of the dam and the government.

Berta Cáceres
Honduras
Agua Zarca Dam

A Honduran activist, and our good friend, Berta Cáceres was shot and killed in her home on March 3, 2016 for her opposition to the Agua Zarca Dam project. Four people with ties to the dam builder DESA were arrested in connection with her murder in May 2016. In June, a Honduran soldier claimed that a unit trained by US special forces was ordered to kill the environmental activist.

2015

Rosalinda Pérez
Guatemala
Tres Marías Dam

Dona Rosalinda Pérez, an active women's leader in her local community in Jocotán and throughout Guatemala, used her influence to organize against the construction of the Tres Marías Dam. On the afternoon of December 30, 2015, she was shot and killed by five men who entered her store under the pretense of buying gasoline. There were no signs of robbery, leading witnesses to believe that the men were assassins hired to kill Pérez. 

Hitler Ananías Rojas González 
Peru
Chadin II Dam

On his way home from a protest against a hydroelectric project, 34-year-old Hitler Rojas Gonzales was shot dead. The killing took place on December 28, 2015 in the village of Yagén in the north of the country. Rojas had recently been elected mayor of Yagén and was a local leader of environmental and peasant defense actions.

Javier Vásquez Benítez
Honduras
Multiple Dams

On December 20, 2015, Javier Vásquez Benítez was found beaten to death. Mr. Benítez was part of the Movimiento Indígena Independiente Lenca de la Paz - Honduras (MILPAH), an indigenous organization fighting several hydroelectric projects in Honduras. 

Sebastian Córdova Sajic
Guatemala
Palo Viejo, Vega I, Vega II dams

On September 10, 2015, the Guatemalan Constitutional court ordered the suspension of licenses for the construction of the Vega I and Vega II hydroelectric projects in the Ixil territory of Guatemala. The next day, the body of Sebastian Sajic Córdova, a 70 year-old Mayan spiritual guide, community leader, anti-dam activist and genocide survivor, was found dead along a trail in the municipality of Cotzal. He had been beaten to death with a cane.

Ageo Isaac Guitz Maaz
Guatemala
Hidro Santa Rita Dam

On August 15, 2015 Guatemala’s Ministry of Interior initiated a repressive operation against the Q’eqchi communities of Cobán, Chisec and Raxruha. The indigenous communities were peacefully defending their way of life and territory against the construction of the Santa Rita hydroelectric dam. Two children of the community, including Ageo Isaac Guitz Maaz, were shot and killed by assailants searching for an activist. In another incident, assailants opened fire on the community, hurting five and killing one young man.

Alfredo Felipe Ramos
Guatemala
Hidro Santa Cruz Dam

Alfredo Felipe Ramos was a member of the Resistencia Santa Cruz Barillas actively involved in the fight against Hidro Santa Cruz. He was murdered on May 28, 2015. 

Moisés Durón Sanchéz
Honduras
Agua Zarca Dam

On the afternoon of May 20, 2015, Moisés was murdered by gunmen linked to a powerful family in the region of the community of Somolagua, San Juan. Moisés was a  prominent indigenous leader in his community and an active member of COPINH. Prior to his death, he was actively involved in a land reclamation process for 25 families in the Somolagua community.

Daniel Vilanova Dias
Brazil
Belo Monte Dam

On May 18, 2015, Dias was one of two protesters killed when a car intentionally rammed a protest against Belo Monte Dam in Vitória do Xingu. The protest was organized by river dwellers and fishermen who were asking Norte Energia to recognize their rights as dam-affected people.

Leidiane Drosdroski Machado
Brazil
Belo Monte Dam

On May 18, 2015, Machado was one of two protesters killed when a car intentionally rammed a protest against Belo Monte Dam in Vitória do Xingu. The protest was organized by river dwellers and fishermen who were asking Norte Energia to recognize their rights as dam-affected people.

Silvestre Maneule Gómez
Honduras
Los Encinos Dam

In May 2015, the body of human rights defender Silvestre Manueles Gómez was found, dismembered, on the bank of the Chinacla River, on the border of the departments of Intibucá and La Paz.

José Isabel Cervantes Ángeles
Mexico

Water activist José Isabel Cervantes Ángeles, 42, was found dead inside a municipal well in Coyotepec on April 18, 2015. His body showed signs of torture and mutilation. Cervantes Ángeles had been repeatedly threatened with death if he didn't stop his activism on behalf of community water wells and against a municipal takeover of these wells. 

Caño Mateo Mateo
Guatemala
Hidro Santa Cruz Dam

Caño Mateo Mateo was a member of the Resistencia Santa Cruz Barillas actively involved in the fight against Hidro Santa Cruz. He was murdered on April 12, 2015. 

Pascual Pablo Francisco
Guatemala
Hidro Santa Cruz Dam

On March 27, 2015, Indigenous activist Pascual Pablo Francisco, a leader in the fight against the construction of a dam on the K'anbalam River, was found dead in the village of Chancolin in Santa Cruz Barillas. Mayan leaders from the Huehuetenango region assert that the company Hidro Santa Cruz orchestrated his kidnapping, torture, and murder, to weaken indigenous activism and intimidate community organizers in the region.

Alberto Almeida Fernández
Mexico

Alberto Almeida was a former mayor and activist who defended water rights and the preservation of aquifers in Chihuahua, Mexico. He was killed on February 24, 2015 by unidentified persons who shot him several times in the parking lot of a shopping center. He was with his daughter and wife at the time.

Teresito Mula Labastilla
Philippines 

A former priest and indigenous rights advocate, Teresito Mula Labastilla was a well known environmental activist in Lantapan, Bukidnon. Before his death, he ran an unsuccessful campaign for mayor on the platform of resolving land and water rights issues for local indigenous peoples. On the morning of February 2, 2015, after dropping his son off at school, he was shot by unknown, masked assailants. Onlookers brought him to a nearby hospital, where he was pronounced dead on arrival. 


Pascual Basilio Pascual Diego
Guatemala 

In the early morning of January 20, 2015, supporters of the mayor of Santa Eulalia in Guatemala shot at a crowd of peaceful protesters outside a government building. The crowd was exiting the Administrative Justice Center after many hours spent negotiating environmental damages by the Proyecto de Desarrollo Hidroelectrico (PDH), a hydroelectric company. 20-year-old Pascual Basilio was severely wounded; he died 57 days later.


Juan Francisco Martínez
Honduras
Los Encinos Dam

On January 4, 2015, Juan Francisco Martínez’s body was found with multiple stab wounds to the chest, his hands tied with the laces of military boots. Martínez was a prominent member of an indigenous Lenca organisation, MILPAH, which has opposed the construction of a number of hydroelectric dams in central Honduras.

2014

Armando Caballero Toscano
Colombia
Hidrosogamoso Dam

Armando Caballero Toscano was a young fisherman in the village of La Cascajera and the son of Eda Toscano, a prominent member of the Social Movement in Defense of Sogamoso, the community organization dedicated to fighting the construction of the Hidrosogamoso Dam on the Sogamoso River. On the evening of September 8, 2014, Toscano was attacked while walking to a friend's house. He reached the house, but collapsed to the floor, injured from what would prove to be fatal stab wounds.

David Estuardo Pacay Maaz
Guatemala
Hidro Santa Rita Dam

On August 15, 2014 Guatemala’s Ministry of Interior initiated a repressive operation against the Q’eqchi communities of Cobán, Chisec and Raxruha. The indigenous communities were peacefully defending their way of life and territory against the construction of the Santa Rita hydroelectric dam. Two children of the community, including David Estuardo Pacay Maaz, were shot and killed by assailants searching for an activist. In another incident, assailants opened fire on the community, hurting five and killing one young man.

Carlos Ical Guitz Pacay
Guatemala
Hidro Santa Rita

Carlos Ical Guitz Pacay was one of the peaceful demonstrators killed while protesting the construction of the Santa Rita Hydroelectric Dam on August 15, 2014.

Victor Juc  Maaz
Guatemala
Hidro Santa Rita Dam

Victor Juc Maaz was one of the peaceful demonstrators killed while protesting the construction of the Santa Rita Hydroelectric Dam on August 15, 2014. 

Sebastian Rax Caal
Guatemala
Hidro Santa Rita Dam

Sebastian Rax Caal, 45, was one of the peaceful demonstrators killed while protesting the construction of the Santa Rita Hydroelectric Dam on August 15, 2014. 

Oscar Chen Quej
Guatemala
Hidro Santa Rita Dam

Oscar Chen Quej, 25, was one of the peaceful demonstrators killed while protesting the construction of the Santa Rita Hydroelectric Dam on August 15, 2014. 

Luciano Can Cujub
Guatemala
Hidro Santa Rita Dam

Luciano Can Cujub, 40, was one of the peaceful demonstrators killed while protesting the construction of the Santa Rita Hydroelectric Dam on August 15, 2014. 

Antonio Esteban Cruz
Mexico
Cuamono Dam

Antonio Esteban Cruz, leader of the Movimiento Independiente Obrero, Campesino, Urbano y Popular (MIOCUP) opposed the construction of a hydroelectric plant on the Apulco River. On June 4, 2014, he was shot multiple times. Just before his death, Cruz had formed the Encuentro Nacional Indígena y Campesino (Ficam) to defend territory from private companies that promote hydroelectricity, mining and gas pipelines.

William Jacobo
Honduras
Agua Zarca Dam

On the night of May 24, 2014, community activist William Jacobo Rodríguez was murdered. He was killed in Rio Blanco, where the community and its indigenous council have been blocking the construction of the Agua Zarca Dam.

Pedro Peréz
Honduras
Las Minitas Dam

On February 16, 2014, Pedro Pérez, a board member of the Lenca indigenous group CINPH, was shot multiple times for his opposition to Las Minitas Dam. He spent two days in a coma before dying on February 18, 2014.

Four Protestors
Pakistan
Diamer- Bhasha Dam

Since its inception, the Diamer- Bhasha Dam has been the cause of an ongoing violent boundary dispute between the people of Kohistan in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and the people of Diamer in Gilgit-Baltistan, two districts claiming to have administrative control over the site of the dam's construction. In February 2014, four people were killed in a violent clash related to the dispute. The Pakistani government has still neglected to resolve the boundary conflict, which has been exacerbated by the dam's advancing construction.

Justo Sorto
Honduras
Tigre Dam

On January 21, 2014, Justo Sorto was found dead in Intibucá, Honduras. Justo Sorto, a member of COPINH, had spearheaded many projects, among them the struggle against the Tigre Dam, which was to be constructed on the border between Honduras and El Salvador.

Irene Meza
Honduras
Agua Zarca Dam

A prominent Honduran activist for indigenous rights, Irene Meza was shot at close range in 2014, along with other movement leaders. The wounds may not have been fatal, but on the way to the hospital, armed men attacked the vehicle again and succeeded in killing her.

Fourteen Yemeni Activists
Yemen

The year 2014 saw a spike in deaths of environmental and land activists opposing hydropower dams, with at least 14 people killed in Yemen. Many of the conflicts occur because hydropower projects are approved without consulting local people.

2013

Robinson David Mazo
Colombia
Hidroituango Dam

Robinson David Mazo  attended several Rios Vivos protests against Hidroituango in Colombia. After receiving threats, he fled the area but was forced to return to support his mother and sister, whom he'd left behind. He received seven bullet wounds on November 30, 2013, just outside the northern town of Toledo of Antioquia at the site known as La Matanza. Locals noticed a truck and two motorcycles drive up the site before he was murdered. He was just 22 years old.

Tomás Garcia 
Honduras
Agua Zarca Dam

Tomás Garcia was a Lenca indigenous leader active on local and national indigenous councils, as well as the Civic Council of Popular and Indigenous Organizations of Honduras (COPINH). On July 15, 2013, he was shot by the Honduran military, in broad daylight, while walking with his son and many other community members to continue the blockade of a hydroelectric project construction site that the community opposed.

Daniel Pedro Mateo
Guatemala 
Canbalam Dam

On April 16, 2013, the body of Qanjob’al community activist Daniel Pedro Mateo was found murdered in Santa Eulalia, Huehuetenango, Guatemala. He had been missing for 12 days and his body showed signs of torture. Daniel Pedro Mateo was a painter, teacher, a founder of Radio Snuq Jolom Konob, and a leader in the community resistance to mining and hydroelectric activities in Huehuetenango.

Onésimo Rodríguez
Panamá
Barro Blanco Dam

On March 22, 2013, an indigenous Ngäbe protester, Onesimo Rodriguez, was viciously attacked after attending a rally against the controversial Barro Blanco hydroelectric dam. Rodriguez's body was later found in nearby stream, bludgeoned and strangled to death. Plainclothes Panamanian police are alleged to have carried out the attack.

Carlos Hernandez Mendoza
Guatemala 
Caparja Dam

Mendoza was a human rights defender who worked to mobilize community protests to defend natural resources and the rights of indigenous communities. Mendoza was shot and killed on March 8, 2013 as he returned from a trip to Honduras.

Nelson Giraldo
Colombia
Hidroituango Dam

Nelson Giraldo Posada, 31, was a leader of Rios Vivos Antioquia in Colombia. He and his family were forced to leave their land by Hidroituango project and were sheltering in the Coliseum at the University of Antioquia. A week after a court ruled that opponents of Hidroituango deserved protection, Nelson Giraldo was found on the bank of the River Cauca with bullet wounds in his chest and legs. He left behind his wife and two children.

2012

Fabiola Osorio Bernaldez
Mexico

Fabiola Osorio Bernáldez was a Mexcian environmentalist who fought against the construction of a dock in a mangrove swamp in the town of Pie de la Cuesta, in the tourist city of Acapulco. She was murdered on May 31, 2012.

Andres Francisco Miguel
Guatemala 
Canbalam Dam

On the evening of May 1, 2012, two uniformed security personnel from Hidralia Energia fired shots at three men, killing one and seriously injuring another before driving off in their company pick-up truck. The victims of the attack had been outspoken opponents of the installation of the dam in Santa Cruz Barillas. Andres Francisco Miguel, the fatal victim, formerly held a position as a local elected official and was considered a leader by his peers.

Santos Alberto Dominguez Benitez
Honduras
Presas Intibucá Dam

Santos Alberto, 24, was an active member of COPINH who waged a relentless struggle against dams and the privatization of rivers. On May 1, 2012, the National Police entered his home and shot him in the head.

Jerónimo Rodíguez Tugrí
Panamá
Barro Blanco Dam

During an anti-dam protest in February 2012, Jerónimo and two other protesters were killed when the government stormed a crowd of indigenous demonstrators who had shut down the Inter-American Highway. 

Mauricio Méndez
Panamá
Barro Blanco Dam

During an anti-dam protest in February 2012, Mauricio and two other protesters were killed when the government stormed a crowd of indigenous demonstrators who had shut down the Inter-American Highway. 

Franklin Javilla and two other activists
Panamá
Barro Blanco Dam

During an anti-dam protest in February 2012, Franklin and two other protesters were killed when the government stormed a crowd of indigenous demonstrators who had shut down the Inter-American Highway. 

2010

Octavio Roblero
Guatemala
Various  Union Fenosa Projects

Octavio Roblero, a FRENA leader who had fought Union Fenosa in San Marcos, Guatemala, was murdered on Feburary 17, 2010. Several unknown assailants shot him at point blank range from a car. His death followed hot on the heels of three other murders of people who were fighting against the presence of Union Fenosa in Guatemala. He left behind a wife, two daughters and a son. 

Two Protesters
Pakistan
Diamer-Bhasha Dam

In February 2010, two protesters died and others were injured when police fired on protesters in Chilas, Pakistan who were angry at the way dam-affected people were being treated. They were demanding a share of the royalties generated by the Diamer-Bhasha Dam and an increase in the compensation awarded to them.

Evelina Ramirez Reyes
Guatemala 
Various Union Fenosa Projects

The Panamanian company Union Fenosa has been accused of human rights violations in Guatemala for years. In 2010, four campesinos were ambushed after they'd submitted a petition against the company in the capital. Evelina Ramírez Reyes was shot and killed in the attack, leaving a five-year-old child behind. Leader Freddy Rhodes disappeared, and Leonel de León and Jorge Lorenzo were injured.

Carlos Zamorra
Mexico
Cerro de Oro Dam

Carlos Zamorra, 17, was shot dead in Uxpanapa in 2010. Zamorra was the son of Juan Pablo Zamorra Bonilla, leader of the Consejo Indígena de Uxpanapa, a group that fights for the rights of Chinantecos evicted by the construction of the Cerro de Oro Dam. The Zamorra family had received numerous death threats from a group of farmers and landowners.

2009

Victor Galvez
Guatemala 
Various Union Fenosa Projects

On October 24, 2009, Victor Galvez was riddled with 32 bullets as he left his office. Galvez helped people affected by DEOCSA, one of the two subsidiaries of Union Fenosa. After Galvez's murder, seven more prominent social leaders in the struggle for the expulsion of the multinational Union Fenosa were killed, four of them in March 2010. 

Honorio Llorente Merendez
Colombia
Hidrosogamoso Dam

As the president of the Community Action Board of the village Puente Sogamoso, Merendez actively protested Hidrosogamoso and other large hydro projects that threatened the Magdalena River system. On the evening of October 17, 2009, witnesses say he was murdered by a gunman who entered his home, shot him, and then fled while escorted by two motorcycles. 

36 Burmese Soldiers & Unknown Number of Kokang People
Burma
Kunlong Dam (and others)

Dams are often built under military occupation in Burma. Once the army has occupied their area, affected people are pressed into forced labor or forcibly displaced. Human rights organizations have documented widespread intimidation, rape and murder under military occupation, and the Burmese army has occupied border regions to tighten control over ethnic minorities. In August 2009, the army invaded the Kokang Territory. Clashes with the local army claimed the lives of at least 36 government soldiers and an unknown number of Kokang.

Raimundo Nonato do Carmo
Brazil
Tucuruí Dam

Raimundinho was a fearless leader who fought tirelessly for environmental protection in the region flooded and destroyed by Tucuruí Dam. He was shot seven times on April 16, 2009 by two men on a motorcycle. 

Manuel Ponce Rosas 
Mexico

On February 13, 2009, Raúl Lucas Lucía and Manuel Ponce Rosas were forcibly abducted by armed men. On February 22, their dead bodies were discovered in the municipality of Tecoanapa. Their bodies showed clear signs of torture. Both were leaders of the indigenous Organización para el Futuro del Pueblo Mixtecto (OFPM).

Raúl Lucas Lucía
Mexico

On February 13, 2009, Raúl Lucas Lucía and Manuel Ponce Rosas were forcibly abducted by armed men. On February 22, their dead bodies were discovered in the municipality of Tecoanapa. Their bodies showed clear signs of torture. Both were leaders of the indigenous Organización para el Futuro del Pueblo Mixtecto (OFPM).

2008

Community Activist
Ecuador
Baba Dam

The Baba Dam in Ecuador came under criticism in 2008. Some community members who spoke out against the dam received anonymous death threats, and some faced criminal charges without evidence. One community organizer who spoke out against the dam was murdered, and his body was found dumped at the Baba Multipurpose Hydroelectric Project dam site.

2007

Benito Cruz Jacinto
Mexico
La Parota Dam

Benito Cruz Jacinto was murdered in 2007 for his opposition to the construction of the La Parota Dam in the state of Guerrero, one of the states with the highest poverty rates in the country. 

Four Nubian Activists
Sudan
Kajbar Dam

In 2007, Sudanese security forces killed four and injured at least 20 people who protested peacefully against the proposed Kajbar Dam. The UN Special Rapporteur on Sudan deplored the excessive force used against the Nubian population. The Kajbar Dam would flood what little remains of the homeland of ethnic minority Nubians.

2006

Three Protesters
Sudan
Merowe Dam

In April 2006, three protesters against the Merowe Dam were killed in a small Sudanese town called Amri.

Eduardo Maya Manrique
Mexico
La Parota Dam

While campaigning against La Parota Dam on the Papagayo River in the state of Guerrero, Eduardo Maya Manrique was stoned to death in the January of 2006. 

2005

Tomás Cruz Zamora
Mexico
La Parota

Tomás Cruz Zamora was among the community leaders resisting La Parota Dam when he was killed with a single shot to the head as he returned from an organizing meeting. The dam on Mexico's Papagayo River would have flooded nearly 17,000 hectares of land and displaced more than 25,000 people. The dam was ultimately stopped.

Sister Dorothy Stang
Brazil

An American nun who became a naturalized Brazilian citizen, Dorothy was murdered on February 12, 2005 in Brazil for her efforts on behalf of the poor and the environment. Before her murder, she had received death threats from loggers and land owners. 

Jaime Bracamonte Arias
Mexico 
El Cajón Dam

Lawyer Jaime Bracamontes Arias, who legally advised the resistance movement of the people affected by the construction of El Cajón Dam, was shot and killed in 2005. The movement had received numerous death threats over the years prior to his murder.

2002

Gilzan Teixeira Lima
Brazil
Belo Monte Dam

Gilzan Teixeira Lima was one of the leaders of the Brasilia Settlement Project. He was fighting the construction of the Belo Monte Dam project, near Altamira on the Xingu River. His wife, the president of the settlements association, constantly received death threats for speaking up for settler rights and against forest destruction. Due to his public condemnation of the threats against his wife, he was assassinated in August 2002. To date, no one has been convicted.

Fredy Cornelia Benítez
Honduras
Babilonia Hydroelectric Project

The parish priest of Gualaco and coordinator of the local forest forum in the zone, Fredy Cornelio Benítez was stabbed in the back in March 2002, as a consequence of his opposition to the progress of the Babilonia dam project.

2001

Carlos Flores
Honduras
Babilonia Hydroelectric Project

On June 30, 2001, armed guards of the private Honduran hydroelectric company Energisa murdered a Honduran peasant farmer named Carlos Flores for opposing the Babilonia Hydroelectric Project. Energisa had been awarded a 30-year environmental license to construct the $4 million 4.4 MW Babilonia Hydroelectric Project, located in the Sierra de Agalta National Park. 

Kimy Pernía Domicó
Colombia
Urrá 1 Dam

Kimy Pernía Domicó was a spokesman for Colombia's indigenous Embera people, whose land was threatened by Urrá 1 Dam. He spoke to international audiences about the harassment the Embera suffered at the hands of the Colombian government, the Urrá Dam company, paramilitaries and guerrillas. On June 2, 2001, he was forced onto a motorcycle at gunpoint by unidentified men and driven out of town. He was never heard from again. In 2007, a former paramilitary member admitted to participating in Pernia's disappearance and murder.

1990's

Lei Weidong
China
Three Gorges Dam

In March of 1999, Lei Weidong was murdered for his opposition to the Three Gorges Dam. Before his death, he had taken two trips to Beijing to protest the displacement of hundreds of thousands of people by the dam's reservoir. 

Fulgêncio Manoel da Silva
Brazil
Itaparica Dam

Da Silva was one of 40,000 people forced to make way for the Itaparica Dam in Brazil. He was murdered on October 16, 1997; it's suspected that drug traffickers operating in the resettlement communities ordered his killing. Da Silva was a farmer, a poet, and a passionate fighter for dam-affected people. 

1980's

440 Maya Achì Men, Women and Children
Guatemala 
Chixoy Dam

Between 1980 and 1982, some 440 people, mostly women and children, were brutally murdered in a series of massacres when they resisted eviction from their village of Río Negro to make way for the Chixoy Reservoir.

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