Chinese companies and Chinese banks are now the biggest builders and financiers of global dam building. Chinese banks and companies are involved in constructing some 312 dams in 72 different countries, particularly in Africa and Southeast Asia. International Rivers works with its partners to communicate the experiences of the international movement for "people, water, and life" to new dam financiers and dam builders in China.
In 2011 Sinohydro, China's biggest overseas hydropower construction company, adopted a Policy Framework for Sustainable Development. The policy framework is an overarching document that outlines Sinohydro’s vision, commitments and timeline for implementation, and is supported by separate environmental, community relations, sustainable development and safety policies. The most relevant policies for dam-affected communities and civil society groups are the specific policies on the environment and community relations. The sustainable development policy primarily relates to reducing waste, ener
1. BackgroundProject Overview The Myitsone Hydroelectric Project is located at the confluence of the Mali and N'Mai rivers and is the largest of seven dams (total capacity 13,360 MW) planned along the Irrawaddy, Mali Hka, and N'Mai Hka rivers in Burma. Scheduled for completion in 2019, Myitsone will become the 15th largest hydropower station in the world, with installed capacity at 6,000 MW. The dam project is expected to costs USD $3.6 billion dollars and is being developed by Myanmar Ministry of Electric Power-1, China Power Investment Corporation, and Asia World Company of Burma. Regio
Over the past five years, the appetite for large hydropower projects by South-east Asian and African countries has increased significantly and created an opportunity for Chinese companies, supported by Chinese government loans to become involved in international dam building. China's state owned Sinohydro Corporation estimated to have as much as a 50 per cent share of the international market.
Chinese corporations, financial institutions, and the government are involved in billions of dollars worth of large dams in Africa. Civil society and dam-affected peoples’ movements are concerned that China’s own poor record on protecting human rights and the environment could mean trouble for African rivers now targeted for Chinese-built large dams.
This spreadsheet, downloadable below, contains 203 dam projects the Sinohydro Corporation is involved in outside of China. For some of the projects, only a memorandum of understanding has been signed. Others are currently being studied regarding their feasibility or are under construction. Yet others have already been completed. The spreadsheet is based on media reports, and the sources of information are indicated. In some cases, we have double-checked the information, but we are not able to do this comprehensively, and cannot vouch for the accuracy of the information. Please be aware that
Published by EarthRights International, this survey reveals a rapidly increasing number of Chinese multinational companies (MNCs) involved in hydropower, oil and natural gas, and mining projects in Burma. The report identifies that at least 45 Chinese companies have been involved in approximately 63 hydropower projects in Burma. The report raises concerns about the lack of public information about these projects as well as the potential social and environmental impacts given the current situation in Burma. Read the full report here.
Two hydropower projects are being built on the upper Trishuli River in Nepal, planned by the Nepal Electricity Authority (NEA) and funded entirely by China Exim Bank. Increased industrial activity, runoff, overfishing, and the construction of large hydropower projects has led the IUCN to declare that over 20% of Nepal's freshwater fish species are threatened or endangered. The Upper Trishuli 3A and 3B hydropower projects will block fish migration and further impact these imperiled freshwater fisheries. A powerhouse and access road to the 66 MW Trishuli A is already completed, and a diversion
The Neelum Valley in Kashmir made history on October 2005 when a deadly 7.6 earthquake hit the highly contested Pakistan-Indian border region. Now both India and Pakistan want to build a dam on the Neelum River, which runs through both countries. Authorities believe the river can provide badly needed energy and irrigation to one side of the border or the other, but not both. Pakistan's proposed project, the 969-MW Neelum-Jhelum Dam, is by far the larger of the two proposed dams and is already underway, with help from Chinese dam builders and financiers. In December 19, 2007, China's Gezhouba
Nam Tha 1: A Khmu community on the banks of the Nam Tha in Luang Namtha Province David J.H. Blake The Nam Tha 1 Hydropower Project is located in the mountainous northwest corner of Laos. Nam Tha 1 would require the resettlement of nearly 8,000 mostly indigenous people. It would also impact downstream communities along the Nam Tha River and the mainstream Mekong. While a contractor for the state-owned Guangxi Electric Power Industry Investigation Design and Research Institute (GXED) conducted an EIA and SIA for the project, according to a new report, the assessments were rushed and underestim
Protecting rivers and defending the rights of the communities that depend on them.
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